18 June 2015
Former Turkish president Suleyman Demirel, who was overthrown twice by the army as it was in the chair, he died in hospital at the age of 91 years, according to Turkish media today.
The Demirel, who was prime minister of Turkey seven times from the 60s to the 90s and president from 1993 to 2000, died early this morning at a hospital in Ankara, the newspaper Daily Sabah and other media .
Suleiman Demirel (Sami Süleyman Gündoğdu Demirel, 1 November 1924 -17 June 2015), he was seven times prime minister, but was also the ninth President of the Turkish Republic.
Born in 1924 into a farming family in Islamkioi, a village near Sparta of Pisidia. He studied at the Technical University of Istanbul, from which he graduated as a civil engineer in 1948. During the 1950s he oversaw the construction of hydroelectric dams on the government of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes.
In 1961 he was first elected to the National Assembly with the party of Justice, which became leader in 1964. In 1965 he became vice coalition government. In October 1965 his party won an absolute majority and he became the youngest prime minister in Turkish history (40 years). Followed pro-American and pro-NATO policy and strengthened the rural economy. Reelected in 1969, but when he refused to allow the military to have a greater role in policy-making, he was forced by the military to resign in 1971. In 1975 he again became prime minister in a coalition government. This government fell in June 1977, but he again served as Prime Minister from July through December 1977 and from November 1979 to September 1980. After the 1980 military coup, applied new Constitution, which prohibited his own participation and other policies in the political life.
In 1987 he became Chairman of the True Path Party and served as prime minister from November 1991 until May 1993, when he was elected President of the Republic immediately after the death of his predecessor Turgut Ozal. In 2000 the National Assembly rejected amendment that would allow the re-election of the President, so Demirel withdrew at the end of the term of the same year.